This page lists terms an medications commonly used in the discussion and
treatment of feline asthma. Note that
the names of medications can vary from country to country--the names listed here are based
on the USA.
If you can think of terms we
haven't listed here, please
A B C
D E F G
H I J K
L M N O
P Q R S
T U V W
X Y Z
- Abdominal Breathing
- the sides of the abdomen move in and out markedly while
- the AeroChamber Plus® Valved Holding Chamber
made for infants and children. Replaced by the AeroKat®
line which is more effective
as it is designed and tested
Made by Trudell Medical
- the AeroKat® FAC (Feline
Aerosol Chamber) is the first chamber designed especially for the unique
challenges of aerosol delivery to asthmatic cats. This system
aids the formation of an aerosol cloud
and helps to separate the large particles from the small (breathable)
particles. Sometimes referred
to as a spacer. The metered dose inhaler fits into one end of
the chamber and the mask is at the other where the cat breathes
through. Made by Trudell
- alternate day therapy, medicine given every other day.
- (al-BYOO-ter-ole) a fast-acting, affordable bronchodilator. Administered via inhaler. Few side
effects. Also called alti-salbutamol in Canada.
- (am-in-OFF-i-lin) a bronchodilator related to Theophylline, available
in tablet and injection.
- lower airway disease. A chronic respiratory disease, often
arising from allergies, that is characterized by sudden recurring
attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing.
- not showing symptoms.
- listening, usually with a stethoscope, for sounds made
by internal body organs.
- bronchial alveolar lavage. Washing out of the
lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic
or therapeutic purposes.
- a broad spectrum oral antibiotic sometimes prescribed
to rule out respiratory bacterial infections.
- (be-kloe-METH-a-sone) inhalation corticosteroid.
- twice a day.
- (BREATH-een) see Terbutaline sulfate. A registered trademark
of Novartis Pharmaceuticals.
- (BRON-kai) plural of bronchus.
- (BRON-key-ole) a minute thin-walled branch of a bronchus.
- (BRON-kus) either of the two primary divisions of the trachea ("windpipe") that lead respectively into
the right and the left lung.
- (BRON-koe-DIE-later) a family of drugs that cause the muscles lining the airways
of the lungs to open/widen the airways. Used for rescuing
a cat in respiratory distress, and in some cases for ongoing
- (byoo-DES-oh-nide) a weak corticosteroid,
available in solution form,
for nebulization. No studies
or long term clinic experience
to support its efficacy
or safety for cats.
- (byoo-TOR-fa-nole) is a narcotic analgesic (pain medicine)
that is sprayed into the nose. In addition to pain control and sedation,
butorphanol will alleviate coughing. In US called Stadol
- primary disease
of the heart muscle.
- Compounding pharmacies
- specialized pharmacies which can compound medication
to meet the unique needs of a cat. Compounds can be made
in flavoured suspensions, capsule forms, topical creams
and ointments, nose drops or in an inhaler.
- (kor-ti-koe-STER-oid) are cortisone-like medicines. They
are used to help prevent the symptoms of asthma. Also called steroid; a family of drugs used to reduce
inflammation. For systemic side effects linked to oral
corticosteriods, see MEDLINE.
- (KOR-ti-sone) a corticosteroid drug. See above.
- bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes
caused by lack of oxygen in the blood.
- (sip-row-HEP-tah-dine) antihistamine and antiserotonin. Blocks the effect of
naturally occurring chemical histamines in the body. For
allergy symptoms. Brandname: Periactin® by Merck & Co.
- divided doses.
- see Depo-Medrol.
- a corticosteroid, often formulated to have a long-lasting
effect. Often given as an injection, but also available
orally. Methylprednisolone (generic).
- see Dexamethasone.
- (dex-a-METH-a-sone) a corticosteroid, often administered by injection.
- (dex-troe-meth-OR-fan) used to suppress coughing in cases of tracheal or bronchial
irritation. It is a temporary measure to alleviate coughing
and is less effective than morphine-related drugs.
- radiographic (xray) results that show bronchial wall
thickening, often called "donuts" or "tramlines".
breathlessness or shortness of breath; difficult or labored breathing.
a cell type that can be prsent in high quanities with asthma, but also in other
illness: heartworm and lungworm
but is also present in normal
- every other day.
- (ep-i-NEF-rin) used to treat severe allergic reactions because it can
prevent or minimize the effects of histamine. It is also
used in emergency situations to help in severe asthmatic
attacks to dilate the bronchial tubes.
- (floo-TIK-a-sone) an inhaled corticosteroid. No side effects seen in cats. The
inhaled steroid is not absorbed in the bloodstream. Equally
potent to oral prednisone 1 mg/kg bid. Brand name: Flovent®.
- a formulation of Fluticasone (see above) in a water
base used for relief of nasal allergy symptoms. Not routinely
used in cats. Trademark of
- a formulation of Fluticasone (see above) in a metered
dose inhaler (see below) designed for inhalation and optimum
dispersal deep in the lungs. The US and Canadian dosages of Flovent® 220 and 250mcg. are
the same. In Canada they use the drug which comes out of
the tip of the canister as the dosage 250mcg. In the USA
they use the drug that leaves the boot 220mcg. as 30mcg.
stays on the inside of the mouthpiece of the boot. Trademark
- (fur-OH-se-mide) used to reduce fluid accumulation and prevent further
pulmonary edema from forming.
- Gallop rhythm
- presence of 3 or 4 heart
sounds on cardiac auscultation.
- Hyperreactive airway disorder
- the body's response to injury or infection, including
swelling and redness, elevated temperature, irritation, and
increased mucus production.
- intramuscular; injected into the muscle.
- short for Inhaled Medications.
- intravenous; into or inside of blood vessels.
- short for kilogram, 1,000 grams, equal to about
- microgram. also written as µg. One 1,000,000th of a gram.
- slang abbreviation for medication(s).
- Metered Dose Inhaler
- a drug storage canister able to accurately
release a measured dose of a drug along with inert compounds
used as propellants, lubricants, and dispersal agents.
- short for milligram. One 1,000th of a gram.
- term for a form of treatment.
- A compressor device which suspends drug compounds in an aerosol
mist so that they can be subsequently inhaled.
- An aerosol delivery chamber/spacer with mask made by
Although designed for human use, this chamber has been used with some modification for feline
- slang for Prednisone.
- (PRED-ni-sone) a corticosteroid, breaks down in the body into Prednisolone. A
to treat allergies, inflammation and autoimmune diseases.
Most commonly prescribed in 5mg tablets.
- (pred-NISS-oh-lone) a corticosteroid, the activated form of Prednisone.
- pro re nata (Latin) - as necessary or as needed.
- (pro-fill-AXE-iss) the prevention of disease or control of its possible
- Pulmonary edema
- fluid retention in the lungs.
- once daily.
- four times a day.
- a developed x-ray film.
- inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes.
- see Albuterol.
- a long-acting bronchodilator
that takes 15-30 min. to reach effect and will last for
12 hours. It is available in Canada, but not the USA, in a
metered dose inhaler. This is not to be used in an acute attack but
may be used in conjunction with daily
- once daily.
- subcutaneously; under the skin.
- see corticosteroid.
- (sub-coo-TANE-ee-us) under the skin.
- (sur-FAK-tent) a substance composed of lipoprotein that is secreted
by the alveolar cells of the lung and serves to maintain
the stability of pulmonary tissue by reducing the surface
tension of fluids that coat the lung. The surfactant of
fluticasone (Flovent®) is oleic acid (a fatty acid). The
addition of this ingredient is necessary to keep the respirable
drug particles separated and prevent them from attaching
to each other. It is the film of powder that forms inside
an aerosol chamber/mask.
- affecting the entire body, rather than a single organ or
- Terbutaline Sulfate
- (ter-BYOO-ta-leen) bronchodialator. Used to treat the symptoms
of asthma and other lung diseases. Relieves cough, wheezing,
shortness of breath, and troubled breathing by increasing the
flow of air through the bronchial tubes. Oral, injection and inhaled. Brand name: Brethine.
- (thee-OFF-i-lin) a bronchodilator drug.
- a bronchodilator. See Theophylline.
- three times daily.
- Tidal Volume
- lung capacity.
- Tracheal Wash
- (TRAY-key-ell) diagnostic technique in which the
secretions of the trachea are sampled and examined for
cells, bacteria, etc.
- see Donuts.
- Transdermal gel
- medication which is compounded into a gel and applied
topically on the cat's ear. An effective alternative to
- (try-am-SIN-oh-lone) a corticosteroid, often administered via injection.
Also in aerosol (U.S. and Canada).
- also known as microgram, mcg. One 1,000,000th of a gram.
- an ultrasound creates images that allow various organs in
the body to be examined. The ultrasound machine sends out high-frequency
sound waves, which reflect off body structures to create a picture.
Ultrasound does not omit ionizing radiation.